7.11. GeoMesa Jobs

This project (geomesa-accumulo/geomesa-accumulo-jobs in the source distribution) contains Map-Reduce jobs for maintaining GeoMesa Accumulo.

7.11.1. Building Instructions

If you wish to build geomesa-accumulo-jobs separately, you can with Maven:

geomesa-accumulo$ mvn clean install -pl geomesa-accumulo-jobs

7.11.2. GeoMesa Input and Output Formats

GeoMesa provides input and output formats that can be used in Hadoop map/reduce jobs. The input/output formats can be used directly in Scala, or there are Java interfaces under the interop package.

The input/output formats have two versions each, for compatibility with the ‘old’ Hadoop api (under the mapred package) and the ‘new’ Hadoop api (under the mapreduce package).

There are sample jobs provided that can be used as templates for more complex operations. These are:

org.locationtech.geomesa.jobs.interop.mapred.FeatureCountJob
org.locationtech.geomesa.jobs.interop.mapred.FeatureWriterJob
org.locationtech.geomesa.jobs.interop.mapreduce.FeatureCountJob
org.locationtech.geomesa.jobs.interop.mapreduce.FeatureWriterJob

7.11.2.1. GeoMesaInputFormat

The GeoMesaInputFormat can be used to get SimpleFeatures into your jobs directly from GeoMesa.

Use the static configure method to set up your job. You need to provide it with a map of connection parameters, which will be used to retrieve the GeoTools DataStore. You also need to provide a feature type name. Optionally, you can provide a CQL filter, which will be used to select a subset of features in your store.

The key provided to your mapper with be a Text with the SimpleFeature ID. The value will be the SimpleFeature.

7.11.2.2. GeoMesaOutputFormat

The GeoMesaOutputFormat can be used to write SimpleFeatures back into GeoMesa.

Use the static configure method to set up your job. You need to provide it with a map of connection parameters, which will be used to retrieve the GeoTools DataStore. Optionally, you can also configure the BatchWriter configuration used to write data to Accumulo.

The key you output does not matter, and will be ignored. The value should be a SimpleFeature that you wish to write. If the SimpleFeatureType associated with the SimpleFeature does not yet exist in GeoMesa, it will be created for you. You may write different SimpleFeatureTypes, but note that they will all share a common catalog table.

7.11.3. Map/Reduce Jobs

To facilitate running jobs, you may wish to build a shaded JAR that contains all the required dependencies. Ensure that the pom.xml references the correct versions of Hadoop, Accumulo, etc. for your cluster, then build the project using the assemble profile:

geomesa-accumulo$ mvn clean install -P assemble -pl geomesa-accumulo-jobs

The following instructions assume you have built a shaded JAR; if not you will need to use the -libjars argument to ensure the correct JARs are available on the distributed classpath.

7.11.3.1. Attribute Indexing

GeoMesa provides indexing on attributes to improve certain queries. You can indicate attributes that should be indexed when you create your schema (simple feature type). If you decide later on that you would like to index additional attributes, you can use the attribute indexing job. You only need to run this job once.

The job can be invoked through Yarn as follows (JAR version may vary slightly):

geomesa-accumulo$ yarn jar geomesa-accumulo-jobs/target/geomesa-accumulo-jobs_2.11-$VERSION-shaded.jar \
    org.locationtech.geomesa.jobs.index.AttributeIndexJob \
    --geomesa.input.instanceId <instance> \
    --geomesa.input.zookeepers <zookeepers> \
    --geomesa.input.user <user> \
    --geomesa.input.password <pwd> \
    --geomesa.input.tableName <catalog-table> \
    --geomesa.input.feature <feature> \
    --geomesa.index.coverage <full|join> \ # optional attribute
    --geomesa.index.attributes <attributes to index - space separated>

Note

If you did not build with the assemble profile, you will also need to include an extensive -libjars argument with all dependent JARs.

7.11.3.2. Updating Existing Data to the Latest Index Format

The indexing in GeoMesa is constantly being improved. We strive to maintain backwards compatibility, but old data can’t always take advantage of the improvements we make. However, old data can be updated through the SchemaCopyJob. This will copy it to a new table (or feature name), rewriting all the data using the latest codebase. Once the data is updated, you can drop the old tables and rename the new tables back to the original names.

The job can be invoked through Yarn as follows (JAR version may vary slightly):

geomesa-accumulo$ yarn jar geomesa-accumulo-jobs/target/geomesa-accumulo-jobs_2.11-$VERSION-shaded.jar \
    org.locationtech.geomesa.jobs.index.SchemaCopyJob \
    --geomesa.input.instanceId <instance> \
    --geomesa.output.instanceId <instance> \
    --geomesa.input.zookeepers <zookeepers> \
    --geomesa.output.zookeepers <zookeepers> \
    --geomesa.input.user <user> \
    --geomesa.output.user <user> \
    --geomesa.input.password <pwd> \
    --geomesa.output.password <pwd> \
    --geomesa.input.tableName <catalog-table> \
    --geomesa.output.tableName <new-catalog-table> \
    --geomesa.input.feature <feature> \
    --geomesa.output.feature <feature> \
    --geomesa.input.cql <options cql filter for input features>

Note

If you did not build with the assemble profile, you will also need to include an extensive -libjars argument with all dependent JARs.