8.12. GeoTools Command-Line Tools

The GeoMesa GeoTools distribution includes a set of command-line tools that can work with most non-GeoMesa data store implementations to provide feature management, ingest and export. This allows the use of GeoMesa converters and output encodings to be used with non-GeoMesa data stores.

8.12.1. Installation

GeoMesa GeoTools artifacts are available for download or can be built from source. The easiest way to get started is to download the most recent binary version from GitHub.


In the following examples, replace ${TAG} with the corresponding GeoMesa version (e.g. 3.3.0), and ${VERSION} with the appropriate Scala plus GeoMesa versions (e.g. 2.12-3.3.0).

Extract it somewhere convenient:

# download and unpackage the most recent distribution:
$ wget "https://github.com/locationtech/geomesa/releases/download/geomesa-${TAG}/geomesa-gt_${VERSION}-bin.tar.gz"
$ tar xvf geomesa-gt_${VERSION}-bin.tar.gz
$ cd geomesa-gt_${VERSION}
$ ls
bin/  conf/  dist/  docs/  examples/  lib/  LICENSE.txt  logs/

Alternatively, it may be built from source. For more information refer to Building from Source in the developer manual, or to the README.md file in the the source distribution. If you have built from source, the distribution is created in the target directory of geomesa-gt/geomesa-gt-dist. Setting up the Command Line Tools

Once installed, the command line tools can be invoked by running the script geomesa-gt located in the binary distribution under geomesa-gt_${VERSION}/bin/.

The tools ship with some default GeoTools data stores, such as support for Postgis and shapefiles. For other stores, you will need to copy the appropriate JARs into the tools lib folder.


Environment variables can be specified in conf/*-env.sh and dependency versions can be specified in conf/dependencies.sh.


geomesa-gt will load JARs from the $GEOMESA_EXTRA_CLASSPATHS environment variable into the class path. Use the geomesa-gt classpath command in order to see what JARs are being used.

Due to licensing restrictions, dependencies for shape file support must be separately installed. Do this with the following command:

$ ./bin/install-shapefile-support.sh

Run geomesa-gt without arguments to confirm that the tools work.

$ bin/geomesa-gt
INFO  Usage: geomesa-gt [command] [command options]
  ... Setting up Distributed Processing

GeoMesa supports running map/reduce jobs for ingest and export. If you have a local Hadoop installation, the tools will read the $HADOOP_HOME environment variable to load the appropriate JAR files for Hadoop.

If you do not have a local Hadoop installation, then in order to run distributed jobs you will need to manually install the Hadoop configuration files into the tools conf folder, and the Hadoop JARs into the tools lib folder. To install JARs, use the script provided with the distribution:

$ ./bin/install-dependencies.sh lib

If you installed JARs for any additional data stores, you will need to add them to the Hadoop libjars path by modifying the file org/locationtech/geomesa/geotools/tools/gt-libjars.list inside the JAR lib/geomesa-gt-tools_${VERSION}.jar.

8.12.2. General Arguments

Most commands require you to specify the connection to your data store. Parameters can be passed in using the --param argument, which can be repeated in order to specify multiple parameters. Alternatively, the --params argument can be used to specify a Java properties file containing the parameters. This may be useful for simplifying the command invocation, or to hide sensitive parameters from bash history and process lists. If both --param and --params are used, then parameters specified directly will take precedence over ones from the properties file.

For example, to connect to a Postgis data store, you may use the following command:

$ bin/geomesa-gt export --param dbtype=postgis --param host=localhost \
  --param user=postgres --param passwd=postgres --param port=5432 \
  --param database=example --feature-name gdelt